There are three basic types of shocks currently available on production quads.
Standard Non-Adjustable Shocks: These shocks are found on smaller, more cost-efficient quads such as youth quads. As the name suggests, they do not have any adjustability and rely heavily on the spring to produce suspension action (to soak up the bumps and jumps).
Pre-load Adjustable Shocks: These shocks are usually found on entry-level sport quads as well as most sport/utility quads. Preload adjustable suspensions have two types: the first generally uses five pre-determined preload settings, while the other uses a threaded lock ring mechanism. Both types work on the same principle to adjust suspension action.
Fully Adjustable Piggyback Reservoir: The most advanced form of stock suspension is the fully adjustable piggyback shock. This type of shock is found on the newest batch of sport quads and features compression, rebound, and threaded preload adjustments that allow a rider to completely customize the suspension ride quality of their machine.
Setting Up Your Suspension: Now that you know the different types of suspension, figure out what kind of setup your quad is equipped with. Got it? Good. Now take some measurements to see how you can best adjust your quad’s suspension.
Metric vs. American (aka standard): When measuring percentages of suspension travel, it is generally easier to work with a metric tape measure. Metric measurement allows for quicker conversions from percentages to actual measured numbers. For example, to find 10% of 9 5/8” of travel, the 5/8” must be converted into a decimal value of (0.625), and then the total value must be multiplied by 0.10 (ie. 9.625 x 0.10 = 0.9625, which does not have an easily translated value – it is somewhere between 15/16” and 31/32”)
If you use metric measurements the math can almost be done in your head (ie. 560 cm x 0.10 = 56 cm). So the idea of having a metric tape measure for suspension measurements is definitely a good idea and much easier on your brain.
Camber is the amount of degrees that the tire and wheel is tilted in or out at the top in relation to
the bottom of the tire. A tire that is tilted in at the top and out at the bottom is said to have negative camber.
The farther it angles out at the bottom the greater the amount of negative camber. For positive camber, the top of the tire is farther out than the bottom. The reason for having camber in your front end is as follows. An ATV’s suspension is forced over in a corner and the suspension flexes. With everything in motion, all this force wants to flex the tire more upright, or reducing the amount of negative camber. A tires greatest tractionis achieved when more of the tread is in contact with the ground. As the bike enters a corner, the forces tend to bend everything over, adding positive camber. To make sure that the tires greatest amount of tread is in full contact when it is most needed, we set up the front suspension with a negative camber. How much negative camber you choose depends on the amount of suspension travel, and some various other factors such as the terrain you plan to ride on.
Caster is the amount of angle that the spindle has in relation to the vertical centerline of the wheel. If the upper ball joint is farther forward than the lower ball joint, it is said to have negative caster. If the upper ball joint is farther to the back than the lower ball joint, it is said to have positive caster. The greater the amount of positive caster, the more stable the ATV will be at speed. The less positive caster it has, the easier it will steer and the quicker it will turn. As the spindle is laid back, the tire has to lay over more when the front tires are turned. This adds stability. If there is not much angle, the wheel will turn more easily, making it quicker and easier to turn.
Yamaha Motor Corp., U.S.A.,
is celebrating a historic weekend in Crawfordsville, Ind., at the Ironman Grand National Cross Country (GNCC) ATV racing event. Traci Cecco-Pickens
, long-time Yamaha rider and GNCC icon, has made history securing her ninth overall women’s ATV series title and announcing her retirement atop the Ironman podium.
“This ninth championship is very special to me and by far will be the most memorable — it is going to be my last championship,” Traci said. “I am retiring from chasing championships. With nine titles, my health, friends and memories for a lifetime, I finally feel this is the right time for me.”
Traci may be retiring from the track, but that doesn’t mean she’s leaving racing entirely. “I will continue to be at all of the GNCC events supporting my husband and his racing career,” she said. “Racing is a tremendous part of my life, and I will truly miss competing, but it’s time for me to be part of the sport I love in a different way — whether that be representing longtime sponsors at the track, working the gas can in the pits, or mentoring new lady racers.” To all of the up-and-coming women racers out there, she says: “Never quit s
setting achievable goals, and always act like a lady.”
Cecco clinched her historic championship at the last GNCC round October 6 in St. Clairsville, Ohio, allowing her to enjoy the Ironman knowing her championship is already in the books. Known as the best woman racer in the history of the sport, Cecco captured six wins and was on the podium at every series stop this year leading up to Crawfordsville.
Operating an all-terrain vehicle with improper tire pressure — whether too high, too low or uneven between the tires — can cause you to lose control and crash
, warns ATV manufacturer Polaris. In the best-case scenario, it causes poor handling and uneven wear, the latter requiring replacement of the tires earlier than should be necessary. Check air pressure in your vehicle’s tires by following these three steps:
1. Purchase a tire pressure gauge for ATVs
Most tire pressure gauges for cars and trucks measure PSI (pound-force per square inch) starting at 5.0. Gauges made to read the lower ATV tire pressure typically start at 0 and go up to 5.8 PSI. For ease of use, look for a gauge that has a non-slip rubber handle and an easy-to-read LCD digital display. Retailers like BikeBandit have several choices.
2. Get recommended tire pressure measurements from the ATV’s owner’s manual
The tires on your ATV will come with a recommended PSI, but follow the vehicle manufacturer’s instructions instead, recommends Outdoor Life. It determined the best air pressure for tires on the specific vehicle you have. For example, Honda recommends a 3.6 PSI on both the front and rear tires for its TRX 420. If you do not have the owner’s manual for your ATV, visit the manufacturer’s website as it likely will have the booklet available for download.
3. Check air pressure when tires are cold
Tires heat up and expand with use, so measure before you head out for a ride or at least three hours after for accurate readings. Start by unscrewing the cap on the tire’s air valve. Press the tire pressure gauge against the valve until you do not hear air escaping. Hold the gauge in place until the readout stops on a measurement. Add or release air as needed to meet the manufacturer’s recommendations, and then confirm PSI by measuring again. Move on to the next tire until all have been checked and adjusted.
Note: Because tire pressure has a direct effect on ATV safety, it should be checked before each ride. Also, as the tires wear down they lose their ability to properly maintain air pressure, making it an even more vital part of your pre-ride checklist. Polaris, for example, recommends replacing tires when tread depth gets down to 1/8 inch or less.
Understanding how your tires work is a critical component of safely owning and operating an ATV. It’s no secret that off-roading with an ATV can be dangerous. ATVSafety reports there were more than 300 reported ATV-related deaths and more than 107,000 ATV-related injuries that required a trip to the emergency room in 2011. The more you know about the machine you are riding the safer you’ll be, and one of the most important parts of your ATV to understand is it’s tires. Here’s a brief explanation of what you need to know to better understand your ATV’s tires.
The Basics of ATV Tires
When you take a look at an ATV tire, there are a series of numbers on the side. For example, a standard size might be 25×10-12 for back tires. The first number in this sequence is the height of the tire in inches when it is properly mounted and inflated to the manufacturer’s suggested air pressure. The second number is the width of the tire when it is properly inflated. The third number is the diameter of the inside of the tire in inches as well as a measurement of the diameter of a wheel the tire is meant to be mounted to. This differs from standard truck tires that have a sizing and rating system like LT195/75R14/8 that indicates the load rating and suggested usage in addition to size. Make sure that your machine is equipped with proper ATV tires before riding.
2015 was a crazily fast-paced year here in India’s tech startup world. From an entrepreneur or potential entrepreneur’s perspective, it was like the gold rush – it was easy to raise funds (and large sums at that) very quickly as long as you were tackling a problem or space that was “hot” according to the larger venture capital firms (both Indian and global). If you ever had had any entrepreneurial ambitions (or had boasted about your jugaadu-ness
to your friends in college), this was your time. You had to start up, and raise money, preferably lots of it. And in the process become a startup celebrity
For investors, this was the year when it seemed like the Indian internet ecosystem had finally come of age. Much like everything else in India, we tend to really believe in ourselves only after the world starts to believe in us first. Whether it is an Indian nobel prize winner or an Indian sportsman, its only after the world starts to send accolades their way that we recognize their worth. The Indian startup ecosystem is no different. It was only after large firms such as Tiger Global from New York, Softbank from Japan, and Alibaba from China started to fund Indian startups at seemingly high valuations did domestic investors sit up and take notice. It helped that the stock market was relatively stagnant this year, not to mention the depressed real estate market. So our traditional favorite asset classes were anyway out of favour, so it was a good time for domestic investors to suddenly focus on the new buzzword in town: tech startups
Now as a fund that has been investing in tech startups since 2012, this was not our ideal scenario. Entrepreneurs started to expect very high valuations with ideas that at best were replicas (what we call as the me-toos) and little traction. No defensibility, weak unit economics, and entrepreneurs who were largely opportunistically entering these spaces (suddenly everyone wanted to solve the problem of food delivery in India, or even laundry!) without any real passion or pertinent skill-set driving them. And unfortunately, these entrepreneurs started to be able to raise money from investors at these high valuations. Raising money became the norm suddenly, not the exception. The fear of missing out (FOMO) ran high amongst investors – many of whom were either first time investors or investors who had missed the “unicorn” bus. We were under pressure too – surprisingly, it was tougher than ever to say no to startup ideas that just failed to make any business sense.
So no wonder I breathed a sigh of relief as the year drew to a close. More recently, newspapers, that earlier in the year were busy splashing their front pages with reports of the latest massive round of funding raised by an Indian startup, started to report how VCs were starting to push for a focus on fundamentals and that 2016 was likely to be a year of consolidation. I believe that while there might be some consolidation in some overheated/ hyper-competitive sectors, this year is likely to be a better time for early stage investors to invest in startups than 2015 was. Here’s why:
The macro trends have never been better. The number of active smartphone and internet users have increased more rapidly than any of us in the industry expected. With an estimated 375 million internet users, India is now the second largest internet market in the world. Still, the majority of the Indian population of 1.25 billion doesn’t have access to basic and reliable internet, which is why internet giants like Google and Facebook (as well as others such as Reliance with Jio, etc.) are launching different initiatives to bring the next billion online.
The future of engagement with the Indian consumer is mobile. The ability to finally have a personal device that he/she doesn’t need to share with the family, combined with new and better content tailored to their tastes and preferences and the ability to make their lives easier, has led the Indian mobile user to take to the internet on their phones much like a fish to water. Much headway still remains given that the majority of this internet user base can get better smartphones and larger data plans with faster internet speeds – all of which will lead to more and more time and money spent on the phone.
Expectations of entrepreneurs starting up have become reasonable again. Unlike the first half of 2015 when entrepreneurs were expecting extremely high valuations and large seed rounds, I believe startups are back to expecting $300 – $500k rounds as their seed cheques, at valuations between $1.5 to $2.5mn. That I believe is the right range to be within at that stage, both from an entrepreneur and early stage investor’s perspective.
Interesting problems still remain unsolved. After the hysteria of hyperlocal delivery and food tech dies down, entrepreneurs must realize that India has a large number of basic, interesting and uniquely Indian problems yet to be solved. And technology – specifically mobile and internet technology – can be leveraged to solve hitherto hard-to-solve problems, whether it is making payments easier, aggregating unorganized markets/ verticals, or using data analytics/ big data to make services and products more targeted.
Focus on business fundamentals. Indian tech entrepreneurs and investors have recently been frequently accused of ignoring business fundamentals and investing behind companies that are simply “burning” a lot of cash to acquire users and gain marketshare. 2016 is likely to change some of that. For this, three things need to happen. One, entrepreneurs (especially first time entrepreneurs) must begin to understand and play not just the funding game, but also seriously think about building businesses that have defensibility, sustainable competitive advantage, and an ability to make healthy profits in the long term. Two, investors must encourage entrepreneurs to think like that – if they’re not, already. Three, people with experience of building sustainable, profitable businesses must start to be brought into the tech sector, either as founders, management executives or at the very least as advisors. The tech sector cannot continue to survive in a bubble, isolated from the reality of running a business in India.
2016 will be the year of innovation in India, for India. So far, Indian entrepreneurs have mostly copied business models proven elsewhere, and Indian investors have found comfort in investing behind such proven models. Having built the basic layer of products, such as e-commerce, cab aggregation, etc., it is time for Indian entrepreneurs and investors to start focusing on problems and creating business models that are uniquely Indian.
For that, Indian entrepreneurs must begin to understand and tap uniquely Indian consumer behaviours. What do I mean by that? One of the companies we have invested in is Ketto, India’s leading crowdfunding platform. Crowdfunding in India will not necessarily look like crowdfunding in the U.S. or other developed markets, as giving is a very culturally-influenced behaviour. Indians give to very different things and causes than Americans might (with some overlap of course). For example, religion is something Indians give fairly generously to. So we have encouraged Ketto to tap religious giving in India. We at India Internet Fund are definitely looking to invest in uniquely Indian ways of tackling Indian problems and targeting uniquely Indian consumer behaviours.
As the next 200 million internet users come online over the next 2-3 years, we might go through the “sachet-ization” of Indian internet, much like FMCG players like Hindustan Unilever and P&G did with Re 1 shampoo sachets to penetrate deep into the Indian market. This means not just use of vernacular and more tailored content, but also bite-sized business models to target the Indian consumer.
Clearly, at India Internet Fund, we are extremely excited about 2016, and what it is likely to mean for the Indian tech startup scene. There are several themes we are bullish on for 2016. These include, but are not limited to, financial technology, healthcare technology, education technology, media and entertainment tech (including video),marketplaces, mobile security technology, utility apps, and enterprise software products. And we can’t wait to be surprised by what the Indian entrepreneurs throw at us this year.
Anirudh Suri is founding partner at India Internet Fund, an early stage venture capital fund focused on mobile and internet technology startups. IIF has invested in startups such as Inventure, Tookitaki, Frrole, App Virality, Ketto, Squadrun, Findable, and others.
The hotest segment in the ATV market seems to be the UTV/Side-by-sides. Artic Cat is looking to raise the bar with its latest product, the all-new Wildcat race-inspired, side-by-side hot rod.
The 2012 Artic Cat Wild cat is coming out swinging as a pure-sport recreational off-road vehicle (ROV). The new Wildcat is powered by a 1000i H.O. engine with EFI, derived from the one fitted on the Prowler XTZ, but tuned for stronger acceleration and horsepower.
In addition to the large motor, the Wildcat’s long-suspension rivals those used on off-road race buggies. It appears that Artic Cat is chasing the sport/racing segment. The Wildcat’s chassis is constructed from high strength low alloy (HSLA) steel with a full-perimeter exoskeleton design that’s a first in the pure-sport ROV class. The all-new Duro Kaden 14-inch tires also were developed specifically for the Wildcat.
Inside features have been specifically developed to offer comfort, control and visibility, comprising contoured, high-back bucket seats, an adjustable tilt-steering wheel, and digital and analog gauges. Getting in and out of the Wildcat is made via a tube-frame door with integrated nets.
I think it looks badass in black.
This last summer I had to purchase new tires for my ATV. It was a little bit of work to choose a tire so I thought I would share some advice and help.
Choosing the right ATV tire is like choosing which food to eat at a buffet. The choices are many from stock tires to specialty tires used for dirt, race track, mud, snow, sand and even street. There seems to be an endless amount of debate about what tire is best. With all these options it’s tough to figure out what tire to buy.
The first distinction is the type of ATV you have. The two types of ATV’s are sport or 4 wheel drive/work atvs. The sizes on these two different atvs vary drastically